常州高中牛津英语要点词汇解析

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课文重难点词汇解析

1. [经典例题] 用所给词的恰当方式填空。

Millie worries about      (not pass) the exams.

[答案解析] 答案为not passing。

worry about doing sth.意为“忧虑做某事”,其否定结构直接加not。如:

It’s only 7:15. You needn’t worry about not getting to the cinema on time.

才7点15分,你不用忧虑不能准时到达电影院。

2. [经典例题] 依据句意及首字母提示完成 单词。

The class is too large. We’ll have to d     it into eight groups.

[答案解析] 答案为divide。

divide用作动词,意为“区分,分”,常与into连用,divide…into…意为“把……分红……”。

3. [经典例题] 选择填空

My new bag is similar      yours.

A. to B. as C. from D. with

[答案解析] 答案为A。

similar意为“类似的,类似的”,be similar to 意为“与……类似”。如:

Your MP4 player is similar to mine. 你的MP 4和我的类似。

[拓宽] be similar in sth. 意为“在某方面类似”。如:

The two buildings are similar in size. 这两幢大楼巨细差不多。

4. [经典例题] 用所给词的恰当方式填空。

Don’t be so     (patient)! The bus will be here soon.

[答案解析] 答案为impatient。此外,patient还可作名词,意为“患者”。如:

You should be more patient with your grand-father when he is sick.

你爷爷患病时你应该对他更耐性。

He waited patiently for Mr. Wang to speak.

他耐性地等王老师讲话。

Be patient when you examine patients.

给患者查看时要有耐性。

5. [经典例题] 依据汉语完成 语句。

假如你想坚持健康,就不要抛弃培训。

Don’t           exercising if you want to keep fit.

[答案解析] 答案为give up。

give up 意为“抛弃”,能够独自运用,也能够接宾语。

You’d better give up smoking. It’s bad for your health. 你最好戒烟,吸烟有害你的健康。

[温馨提示] 当宾语是代词时,代词有必要放在give和up之间。如:

English is very important. You can’t give it up. 英语很重要,你不能抛弃它。

6. [经典例题] 选择填空

You shouldn’t      your mother about your study.

A. argue with B. play with

C. chat with D. work with

[答案解析] 答案为A。

argue意为“争持,争辩”,argue with sb. over / about sth.

意为“就某事与或人争辩/争持”。

He often argues with his classmates about the answers to some questions.

他常常和同学争辩一些题的答案。

7. [经典例题] 依据句意及首字母提示完成 单词。

Please excuse me for taking your pen by m    .

[答案解析]答案为mistake。

mistake作可数名词时,意为“过错,过错”。make a mistake意为“犯过错”;by mistake意为“过错地”。如:

She often makes mistakes in her English tests.

她在英语考试中常常犯错。

I’m sorry I took your bag by mistake.

对不住,我错拿了你的包。

[温馨提示] by mistake这个短语中mistake前不加冠词,也不必复数方式。更多概况欢迎您致电 400-660-8967转819或QQ:907745587咨询.